Workers’ Self-Management in Argentina

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Published Nov 2019
ISBN: 978-90-04-26896-8

Contesting Neo-Liberalism by Occupying Companies, Creating Cooperatives, and Recuperating Autogestión

Marcelo Vieta

In Workers’ Self-Management in Argentina, Marcelo Vieta homes in on the emergence and consolidation of Argentina’s empresas recuperadas por sus trabajadores (ERTs, worker-recuperated enterprises), a workers’ occupy movement that surged at the turn-of-the-millennium in the thick of the country’s neo-liberal crisis. Since then, around 400 companies have been taken over and converted to cooperatives by almost 16,000 workers. Grounded in class-struggle Marxism and a critical sociology of work, the book situates the ERT movement in Argentina’s long tradition of working-class activism and the broader history of workers’ responses to capitalist crisis. Beginning with the voices of the movement’s protagonists, Vieta ultimately develops a compelling social theory of autogestión – a politically prefigurative and ethically infused notion of workers’ self-management that unleashes radical social change for work organisations, surrounding communities, and beyond.

Biographical note

Marcelo Vieta, Ph.D. (2012), York University, is Assistant Professor of Workplace and Organisational Learning and the Social Economy at the University of Toronto. He has published widely on critical theory, workers’ control and self-management, and on the social economy and social movements in Italy, Canada, Argentina, and Latin American.


Academic libraries, specialists, post-graduate and undergraduate students, unions, and labour and social movement activists interested in workers’ control and self-management, the social economy, cooperatives, the sociology of work, and Argentine political economy and labour history.

Table of contents

Table of Contents 
List of Figures 
List of Tables 
List of Abbreviations and Acronyms 
Glossary of Spanish and Other Foreign Terms and Phrases 


The Emergence of Argentina’s Empresas Recuperadas por sus Trabajadores: From Workers’ Lived Experiences of Crisis to Autogestión 

1. ‘Destiny in Our Own Hands’: Three Stories of Workplace Recuperations 
Cooperativa de Trabajo Chilavert Artes Gráficas 
Cooperativa de Trabajo ‘Unión Solidaria de Trabajadores’ 
Cooperativa de Trabajo de la Salud Junín 
Mobilising Direct Action Strategies and Workplace Solidarity 

2. Empresas Recuparadas pos sus Trabajadores: Why, Where, What, and How 
Section 1: The Emergence of Argentina’s Empresas Recuperadas (with Andrés Ruggeri) 
Section 2: ERT Types and Experiences of Workplace Conversions Around the World 
The Emergence and Characteristics of Empresas Recuperadas: A Summation 

3. The Political Economy of Argentina’s Working Class: Historical Underpinnings of the Empresas Recuperadas 
Section 1: The Rise and Consolidation of Argentina’s Working Class (1900–89) 
Section 2: Argentina’s Neo-liberal Turn and the After-effects of Socio-Economic Crisis (1990–2016) 
Section 3: Working-Class Recomposition and New Forms of Self-Managed Workers’ Organisations (2001–17) 
ERTs and the Political Economy of the Working Class in Argentina: A Summation 

Theorising and Historicising Autogestión 

Chapter 4 The Stream of Self-Determination: Freedom, Cooperation, and the Recuperations of Living Labour 
Section 1: The Stream of Self-Determination and Modern Socialist Thought 
Section 2: Critical Theories of Labour and Capitalist Technology 
Section 3: ERTs’ Six Recuperative Moments 
Cooperative Self-Determination, Recuperation, and Argentina’s ERTs: Looking Forward 

5. A Genealogy of Autogestión 
Section 1: Autogestión and the Self-Determination of Productive Life 
Section 2: Cooperatives, the Social and Solidarity Economy, and Autogestión 
Autogestión and the Continuing Stream of Self-Determination 

PART 3 The Consolidation of Argentina’s Empresas Recuperadas: Common Experiences, Challenges, and Social Transformations 

Chapter 6. ‘Occupy, Resist, Produce’: Commonalities in the Lived Experiences of Recuperating Workplaces in Argentina (with Andrés Ruggeri) 
Section 1: From Workplace Conflicts to Autogestión 
Section 2: The Strategies and Tactics of ‘Occupy, Resist, Produce’ 
Re-appropriating Relevant Laws, Deploying Cooperative Values 

7. The Challenges of Autogestión and ERT Workers’ Responses 
Section 1: Production Challenges 
Section 2: An Ambivalent Relationship with the State 
Section 3: Local and Transnational Solidarity Networks of Autogestión 
Organising Between ERTs and the Community to Collectively Overcome Challenges 

8. Recuperating the Labour Process, Transforming Subjectivities: From Empleados to Compañeros and Trabajadores Autogestionados 
Section 1: Cooperatively Working and Democratising the Shop 
Section 2: Recuperating Cooperative Skills and Values, Informal Shop Floor Learning, and Transformed Subjectivities 
Section 3: Recuperating Social Production for Social Wealth 
Challenging ERTs’ ‘Dual Reality’ 

PART 4 Recuperating Autogestión 

9. Recuperating Autogestión, Prefiguring Alternatives: Some Possible Conclusions 
On Workers’ Recuperations of Autogestión 
The Conjunctural Realities of Argentina’s ERTs 
Autogestión and Argentina’s ERTs 
Revisiting ERTs’ ‘Dual Reality’ 
Revisiting ERTs’ Radical Social Innovations and Recuperative Moments 
Revisiting the Definition of Argentina’s Empresas Recuperadas por sus Trabajadores 
Closing Thoughts, Continued Openings 

Appendix: Formal Interviews Conducted, Meetings Attended, and Cooperatives Visited