14th Oct, 2022

Send 300 word abstracts: hmpalestineisraelissue@gmail.com

Abstract Deadline: 1st January

Full Submission Deadline: 23rd May

Guest Editors: Raja Khalidi, Matan Kaminer, Nijmeh Ali, Abed Kanaaneh, Oded Nir, and Heba Taha. 

In the introduction to his recent book, Kareem Rabie observes that “in Palestine, [capitalist] planning is in large part a form of speculation that implies a future and a day after the occupation; yet, it does not attempt to bring that day forward” (Rabie 2021, 6). Rabie’s critique joins other critical efforts in recent years to understand the ways neoliberal capitalism normalizes and facilitates the continued Israeli oppression of Palestinians (Hanieh 2016; Haddad 2016; Algazi 2006). That the critique of capitalism can crucially inform analyses of Palestinian and Israeli societies, is, of course, not new: intellectuals committed to ending the Israeli oppression of Palestinians have long incorporated critiques of capitalism into their work (Kanafani 1972; Touma 1973; Hanegbi, Machover, and Orr 1971; Gozansky 1986; Abdo 1991). Yet, changing historical circumstances inevitably compel new critiques, such as Rabie’s and others’, to reinvent the way capitalist and state oppressions are related to one another, in the case of Palestine/Israel. 

This special issue of Historical Materialism seeks to explore contemporary attempts to bring the critique of capitalism, and Marxism in particular, into conversation with analyses of Palestine/Israel. For instance, this issue seeks to engage with the way class and labor composition are related to Israeli domination. How are the partial exclusion of Palestinians from the Israeli labor market (Farsakh 2006; Berda 2012) and their replacement by migrant workers from abroad (Kemp and Raijman 2008) related to Israeli strategies of control? How has the Oslo process and subordination of the PNA to Israeli colonial prerequisites within a “free market” framework shaped Palestinian class formation in the occupied territories? 

Another set of questions we explore in this issue focus on the relation of global capitalism to Palestine/Israel. How does the ongoing crisis of neoliberal capitalism exert pressures, or set certain limits, on what happens in Palestine/Israel? How do specific geopolitical and economic events elsewhere affect class structure and economic development in Palestine? What role does the use of the Occupied Territories as a “laboratory” for the surveillance-security complex (Sa’di 2021) play in Israel’s rise to wealth and global prominence?   How does the rise of multinational Arab Gulf capital (Hanieh 2011) and the normalization of relations between Gulf countries and Israel (Plonski 2022) (transform conditions in Palestine/Israel? 

We are also interested in interrogating how Marxist approaches to Palestine/Israel relate to other conceptual frameworks. For example, are Marxist approaches completely compatible with the analysis of Israel/Palestine through the prisms of settler colonialism (Sabbagh-Khoury 2022) and apartheid (Erakat 2021)? Or, what do Marxist analyses add to understanding of Palestine/Israel in terms of gender or race (Abdo-Zubi 2011; Lentin 2018; Abu-Laban and Bakan 2019)? How do categories such as Palestinian citizens of Israel, or Arab Jews, and the forms of oppression they entail, intersect with the critique of capitalism? How do theoretical accounts of the relationship between national and class struggle – derived from the writings of Lenin, Luxemburg, Fanon, Mahdi Amel and others – affect the way we approach this relationship in the case of Palestine/Israel? How has the political focus on resolving the “primary contradiction” of colonialism rendered class formation and struggles for social and economic emancipation subordinate, if not indefinitely postponed (Khalidi 2018)?  What are the ecological substrates implications of Zionist colonization and Palestinian resistance? How do Marxist perspectives enable us to relate Palestine/Israel to global political issues, such as the rise of authoritarianism? Alternately, in what ways, if any, do any of these perspectives clash with Marxian understandings?

This issue also seeks to ask how Marxist and socialist approaches to emancipation may change the way we view contemporary struggles in Palestine/Israel. What do critiques of capitalism have to tell us about the debate between two-state and one-state solutions? Do mobilizations which link inhabitants of the OPT, Palestinian citizens of Israel and the diaspora advance the conditions for national liberation, or transcend national contradictions altogether? What is the role of the left within Jewish Israeli society and how can coalitions be built without normalizing the oppressing status quo? What can Marxist approaches tell us about events in the cultural, legal and political spheres – from hunger strikes to land annexations, from speculative fiction to recent shifts in electoral politics? What would Marxist approaches have to tell us about new forms of power, such as Israeli control of digital space in the West Bank and Gaza Strip? And how would a socialist approach to the Palestinian refugee problem be different from other approaches?

 

Bibliography:

Abdo, Nahla. 1991. “Colonial Capitalism and Agrarian Social Structure: Palestine: A Case Study.” Economic and Political Weekly 26 (30): 73–84.

Abdo-Zubi, Nahla. 2011. Women in Israel: Race, Gender and Citizenship. London: Zed Books.

Abu-Laban, Yasmeen, and Abigail B. Bakan. 2019. Israel, Palestine and the Politics of Race. London: Bloomsbury.

Algazi, Gadi. 2006. “Offshore Zionism.” New Left Review 40: 27–37.

Berda, Yael. 2012. The Bureaucracy of The Occupation [Hebrew]. Jerusalem: Van Leer Institute.

Erakat, Noura. 2021. “Beyond Discrimination: Apartheid Is a Colonial Project and Zionism Is a Form of Racism.” EJIL: Talk! Blog of the European Journal of International Law(blog). 2021. https://www.ejiltalk.org/beyond-discrimination-apartheid-is-a-colonial-project-and-zionism-is-a-form-of-racism/.

Farsakh, Leila. 2006. Palestinian Labour Migration to Israel :Labour, Land and Occupation. London: Taylor & Francis.

Gozansky, Tamar. 1986. Hitpatkhut hakapitalism bepalestina[The Formation of Capitalism in Palestine]. Haifa: University of Haifa Press.

Haddad, Toufic. 2016. Palestine Ltd.: Neoliberalism and Nationalism in the Occupied Territory. London; New York: I.B. Tauris.

Hanegbi, Haim, Moshe Machover, and Akiva Orr. 1971. The Class Nature of Israel. Washington, D.C.: MERIP.

Hanieh, Adam. 2011. Capitalism and Class in the Gulf Arab States. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

———. 2016. “Development as Struggle: Confronting the Reality of Power in Palestine.” Journal of Palestine Studies45 (4): 32–47.

Kanafani, Ghassan. 1972. The 1936-39 Revolt in Palestine. New York: Committee for Democratic Palestine.

Kemp, Adriana, and Rebeca Raijman. 2008. Migrants and Workers: The Political Economy of Labor Migration in Israel [in Hebrew]. Jerusalem: Van Leer Institute.

Khalidi, Raja. 2018. “Nation and Class: Generations of Palestinian Liberation.” Rethinking Marxism 30 (3): 368–92.

Lentin, Ronit. 2018. Traces of Racial Exception: Racializing Israeli Settler Colonialism. London: Bloomsbury.

Plonski, Sharri. 2022. “The Mobile and Carceral Logics of Haifa Port.” Politics 0 (0).

Rabie, Kareem. 2021. Palestine Is Throwing a Party and the Whole World Is Invited. Durham; London: Duke University Press.

Sabbagh-Khoury, Areej. 2022. “Tracing Settler Colonialism: A Genealogy of a Paradigm in the Sociology of Knowledge Production in Israel.” Politics & Society 50 (1): 44–83.

Sa’di, Ahmad H. 2021. “Israel’s Settler-Colonialism as a Global Security Paradigm.” Race & Class 63 (2): 21–37.

Touma, Emile. 1973. The Roots of the Palestinian Problem [in Arabic]. Nazareth: al-Maktaba al-Sha’biya.