Marx writes, ‘Only labour which produces capital is productive labour’. So what do we say about women who work at home (so-called ‘housewives’) whose labour produces/reproduces the male worker who in turn produces capital? Do they produce capital? In a crucially important passage at p.
Well-known film stars who are (or were) committed left-wingers are hard to find. Gian Maria Volonté (1933–94) was probably the best example of this rare category. He was often called an “activist” and his political commitment described as “relentless”. In 1994 shortly after G.M.V.
Gillo Pontecorvo (1919–2006), whose masterpiece “The Battle of Algiers” (1966) remains the most perfect example of a ‘reconstructed realism’, the purest cinematic equivalent of Marx’s famous metaphor of the ‘life of the subject-matter’ being ‘ideally reflected as in a mirror’ (1873 Afterword to Capital, vol. 1).
Among the greatest works of Marxist theory in the 20th century we should count Hilferding’s Finance Capital (1910), Rubin’s Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value (1928), Grossman’s The Law of Accumulation and Breakdown of the Capitalist System (1929), Emmanuel’s Unequal Exchange (1969) and Sartre’s Critique of Dialectical Reason (1
It now struck him that nowhere in the modern world had so much crime gone unpunished as in Nazi Germany, with its extraordinary mixture of banality and bloodshed. Asked later why he chose Nazism rather than Fascism, Visconti said: “Because of the difference between tragedy and comedy.
The Jewish German communist Nathan Steinberger (1910–2005) survived betrayal, imprisonment, and exile, but never gave up the hope for a socialist future.
Here is a passage, drastically abridged, from Braudel’s Mediterranean that illustrates the sense in which history occasionally bursts into poetry:
Shapurji Saklatvala (1874–1936), the first and one of only four Communist members of Britain’s parliament.